Insomnia is a common type of Sleep Disorder that makes it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep, or can result in walking up too early and not falling back asleep. Therefore, one may feel tired when awake, disrupting our regular day to day lifestyle.
An average adult requires around seven to nine hours of sound sleep in a night.
There are two main types of insomnia:
- Primary Insomnia – sleep issues are not linked to any other underlying condition
- Secondary Insomnia – underlying illness such as asthma, mental health disorders, addiction, cancer or certain medications can cause the insomnia
Insomnia can also be acute or chronic. Acute insomnia is often experiences by most adults at some point in time. In this case, the insomnia can last for days or weeks. Common triggers can be stress or a traumatic event such as loss of a loved one, etc.
Chronic insomnia lasts for three months or more and occurs three times or more per week. It may be the primary problem in itself or it may associated with other medical conditions and/or medications.